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Haptoglobin, Human Plasma, Mixed Type


Extinction Coefficient: 1.20

Salt-free lyophilized solid.

Storage: -20°C

An acute-phase plasma protein found in human plasma at 100-300 mg per 100 ml. Binds hemoglobin, thus preventing loss of iron through the kidneys. Humans are polymorphic for haptoglobin, with three major phenotypes: Hp 1-1, Hp 2-1, and Hp 2-2. While the phenotypic distribution can vary greatly between ethnicities and geographic location, the Hp 2-1 phenotype is the most prevalent phenotype in humans. Plasma concentrations of haptoglobin are highest in individuals with Hp 1-1, intermediate in Hp 2-1 individuals, and lowest in Hp 2-2 individuals. Hp 1-1 is the most effective at binding hemoglobin, and Hp 2-2 is the least effective. This functional difference may be associated with the frequency and severity of epilepsy attacks, as researchers have found a correlation between recurring seizures and the Hp 2-2 phenotype.

Purity: >=95% by SDS-PAGE

Prepared from plasma shown to be non reactive for HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HBc, and negative for anti-HIV 1 & 2 by FDA approved tests.

Athens Research & Technology products are laboratory reagents and are not to be administered to humans or used for any drug purpose. For research use only.

Myeloperoxidase Enzyme Immunoassay Kit

髓过氧化物酶 免疫分析试剂盒


USE - Measure human MPO in a variety of matrices
SAMPLE -Serum, Platelet-Poor Heparin Plasma, Saliva, Urine or Tissue Culture Media
SAMPLES / KIT - 40 in duplicate
SENSITIVITY - 0.068 ng/mL
STABILITY - liquid reagents stable at 4°C

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a tetrameric heme-containing protein abundantly produced in neutrophil granulocytes where it plays an important anti-microbial role. During degranulation MPO is released into the extracellular space. There, as part of the neutrophils “respiratory burst”, it produces hypochlorous acid from hydrogen peroxide and Cl–. MPO also uses hydrogen peroxide to oxidize tyrosine to the tyrosyl radical. Both hypochlorous acid and tyrosyl are cytotoxic and when present can kill bacteria and other pathogens. Hereditary deficiency of myeloperoxidase predisposes individuals to immune deficiency.

Studies have shown an association between elevated MPO levels and coronary artery disease, and in 2003 it was suggested that MPO may serve as a sensitive predictor of myocardial infarction in patients complaining of chest pain. Since that time the clinical utility of MPO testing in cardiac patients has been solidly established in the literature with well over 100 papers published. In 2010 this clinical application was further refined by additional studies which determined that measuring both MPO and C-reactive protein (CRP) provided more accurate prediction of mortality risk than measuring just CRP alone.


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